Here is the requirement: you can choose any topic you are good at, but make sure it looks like a college student’s paper. Use simple words and sentences structure.
INDIVIDUAL PROJECT REQUIREMENTS:
- Every class member must complete an individual project & submit it to Canvas by 7am on Tues March 13th.
- Topics may include those on this list or other topics of interest.
o Topic must be related to environmental horticulture and design or a closely related topic of environmental concern; may NOT be the same topic you do for the Group Presentation
- Report should be 4 (full) to 5 pages, double spaced, with 1-in margins all around and 12pt Times New Roman.
o Illustrations may not be used to make your report longer but can be included when helpful. o Need at least 3 college-level references, formatted using CSE Name-Year citation method.
- ! i.e. NO Wikipedia, blogs, etc
- ! i.e. books, peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles, online resources, etc
- ! References should be included at the end of the project.
- ! Make sure ALL citations (end & in-text) are correct and follow the format style of your choosing; remember to provide with your submission a citation guide (not just a link) from a reputable source for the format style you chose
- ! Unless something is common knowledge, it needs a citation. Also, be careful with big, sweeping statements & assumptions. Back them up with sources or donâ€™t use them.
- ! Every source used needs to be in the Works Cited section; every source in the
Works Cited section needs to be used in the paper. Writing Tips
o Avoid direct quotes as much as possible. (If you must quote, ensure that it is no more than
a few words) Instead, paraphrase. Always cite when using someone elseâ€™s words/ideas.
- ! To mix up your sentence structure & improve the flow of prose in your paper, here are some options for presenting a source in-text: (CSE format was used for these citations)
- ! Source at the end: Despite numerous intentional releases, it is suspected the actual establishment of these two species in the US was due to accidental introductions from shipping (Gardiner et al. 2009).
- ! Source integrated into sentence: In their study, Snyder et al. (2004) found there to be no difference in the frequency of intraguild predation even with the addition of aphids.
- ! If a page number is needed:
- Despite numerous intentional releases, it is suspected the actual establishment of these two species in the US was due to accidental introductions from shipping (Gardiner et al. 2009, 446)
- In their study, Snyder et al. (2004) found there to be no difference in the frequency of intraguild predation even with the addition of aphids (309).
o If you use someone elseâ€™s words and donâ€™t properly give credit (with an in-text citation and/or quotes), points will be lost & depending on the severity, you will be reported for plagiarism. I mean it.
o Avoid using personal pronouns (i.e. I, me, we, our, us, you, etc) or otherwise informal tone; this is a research paper and should have a formal tone/style
o Avoid contractions (i.e. canâ€™t, wonâ€™t)
o Avoid phrases like:
! The purpose of this paper is ….. ! This paper will explore….
o Avoid asking (rhetorical) questions in your paper
o Avoid clicheÌs, colloquialisms, & slang (this includes words like â€œthingsâ€ and â€œstuffâ€) o Avoid large spans of white space in your paper (points will be docked for huge gaping
o Try your best to use active language (i.e. can instead of could, had instead of have had),
o Proofread! Pay attention to GRAMMAR, please.
o Try to keep your writing tight, avoiding wordiness/extra words as much as possible (i.e.
oftentimes we use a lot of â€œthatâ€s in our writing; when youâ€™re proofreading, go back and remove any unnecessary â€œthatâ€s or other words in order to tighten your prose)
RUBRIC for INDIVIDUAL PROJECTS:
Total: 75 points.
Points are awarded as follows:
- 45 for quality and depth of research, includes quality of prose/style/tone/spelling/grammar
- 20 for organized and thorough presentation of material
- 10 for providing valid references, cited correctly INDIVIDUAL PROJECTS COULD INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING: BOOK REVIEWS FROM THE FOLLOWING AUTHORS: Garrett Eckbo, People in the Landscape
Ian McHarg, Design With Nature
John Tillman Lyle, Design for Human Ecosystems John Tillman Lyle, Regenerative Design for Sustainable Development William Whyte, Social Life of Small Urban Spaces
Norman Newton, Design on the Land
J. William Thompson and Kim Sorvig, Sustainable Landscape Construction Rachel Carson, Silent Spring Judith Larner Lawry, Gardening with a Wild Heart
Sara Stein, Noahâ€™s Garden
Odum, Eugene P., Science, #164 1969, â€œStrategy of Ecosystem Developmentâ€ Aldo Leopold, Sand County Almanac
Gary Robinette, Plants, People, and Environmental Quality RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL RELATED TOPICS SUCH AS: -Sustainable landscaping
-Relationship between plant breeding and allergies
-Alternatives to turf, synthetic turf -Benefits of using native plant material -Xeriscaping benefits
-Tree pruning ordinances -Impact of water rebates on landscape design