topic 2 short answer questions 3

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1. Read “Self-Maintenance Therapy in Alzheimer’s Disease,” located in the reading materials. What were the variables under investigation by this study? What methods were used to obtain the study’s sample? What specific measurements were used to assess or analyze the study’s variables? Discuss any potential methodological problems in this study. Include specific examples in your response.

According to the Self-Maintenance Therapy in Alzheimer’s disease article, the variables under investigation included impacts of intensive rehabilitation and importance of treatment for rehabilitation (Romero & Wenz, 2001). The major method that was used to obtain the study sample was snowball sampling whereby caregivers of the patients were selected based on the results from their patients. Specific measurements to access the variables in the study included patient short-term improvements and the impacts of intensive rehabilitation. There was no potential methodical problem in the study because the test applied the use of both primary and secondary data collection methods to evaluate patients.

2. How would you define Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)? Discuss the inherent strengths and limitations of EBP. Be sure to include your comments regarding what is meant by “validity of treatments.”

I would define evidence-based practice as the intervention used to handle mental, medical and behavioral problems after they have been proven to work in other circumstances. Evidence-based practice holds strengths that include giving concrete knowledge and provision of quality care. Evidence-based practice gives concrete knowledge by identifying both effective and ineffective treatments so that particular problems are handled with the right methods. The practice also leads to quality care because it provides practitioners with a combination of scientifically researched data, proved observations and studied patient reports (Liamputtong, 2013). The known limitation of the evidence based research is that it is fallible since it can give poor evidence caused by human error.

3. Watch the Objectivity and subjectivity in social research video. What are the issues of objectivity and subjectivity as they relate to methodological issues in conducting counseling research?

Relating to methodological issues in conducting counseling research, objectivity and subjectivity are issues of question. From the video, objectivity is presented as a fundamental need yet it is handled like an elusive goal when it comes to practice. Objectivity in research has never been achieved because the methodological issues are guided by viewpoints that further lead to subjectivity instead of objectivity. Subjectivity in counseling research is oriented because most practitioners act in favor of a reflexive scientific attitude (Letherby & Williams, 2012). Subjectivity, therefore, makes counseling research to elaborate facts and observations based on what they want and expected objectives.

4. What makes a counseling treatment empirically supported and validated? Include the description of at least two empirically supported and validated treatments from the course textbook and readings in your response. Include the mental health conditions that are treated by the empirically supported and validated treatments identified.

Counseling treatment would be considered empirically supported and validated when the psychological treatments have been proven to be effective in a controlled research. The treatments must, therefore, be practically conducted and presented with data collected and how the results relate to study objectives and theses (Rochlen et al, 2004). Two examples of empirically supported and validated treatments, in this case, include the therapy approaches that were used in Toronto Psychology Center. The treatments are the emotion-focused therapy and the interpersonal therapy with other empirically supported treatments including the cognitive behavior therapy.


Liamputtong, P. (2013). Research methods in health: foundations for evidence-based practice.

Mertens, D. M. (2014). Research and evaluation in education and psychology: Integrating diversity with quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. Sage publications.

Rochlen, A. B., Zack, J. S., & Speyer, C. (2004). Online therapy: Review of relevant definitions, debates, and current empirical support. Journal of clinical psychology, 60(3), 269-283.

Romero, B., & Wenz, M. (2001). Self-maintenance therapy in Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 11(3-4), 333-355.

Thomas, J. R., Silverman, S., & Nelson, J. (2015). Research methods in physical activity, 7E. Human kinetics.

Letherby, G., Scott, J., & Williams, M. (2012). Objectivity and subjectivity in social

research. Sage.

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